Istanbul 2014

Istanbul 2014

 

Istanbul is an amazing city with long history and in present time is so culturally and ethnically diverse, it reminds me on London. It also has an incredible position on two continents, which made it an important trading port and one of the greatest prize-winning challenges in history. It was built by the Megaran King Byzans in 657 BC on the Bosphorus, the Golden Horn and the sea of Marmara – just across of the city of Blinds – as the Delphy Oracle told him. The city of Blinds was Chalcedon, which was on Asian side, and had not recognised the superiority of the natural defending and sheltered position of the European side. Constantine the Great used this ground for building one of the most spectacular city – Constantinople – and Byzantium, one of the richest countries in medieval world, lasting from the 4th century until 1453 when the Ottomans took over and continue developing Istanbul. In modern Turkey secularism and voice of reason prevailed and Mustafa Kemal Ataturk legacy is in significant changes which brought Turkey into family of European countries. Istanbul is adorned with monuments, churches, mosques and an amazing artistic richness, which impressed people for centuries. The original architecture, from the surrounding walls, watching towers and other period’s edifices, is unique characteristics of this city. People are kind and polite and like to communicate whether to invite you to buy something, have dinner at their restaurant or just to chat with you. I had some extraordinary experiences in visiting this lovely city.

 

 

 

Chora Church or the Church of the Holy Savior. One of the oldest churches in Constantinople (5th century). Today it is the Kariye Museum.

 

Hagia Sophia

Hagia Sophia, The Church of Holy Wisdom, was built initially by Constantine in the 4th c. and after disastrous fire and earthquake was destroyed but finally rebuilt by Justinian in the 6th c. (27th December 537AD). It was one of the largest churches in the world and the most splendid Christian basilica. It was turned into Mosque during the Ottomans and became a museum in 1935 by the Ataturk's decree.

 

 

 

 

 

Sülemaniye Mosque, the largest in Istanbul, 16th century. Built by Mimar Sinam, the most famous Ottoman architect.

The Blue Mosque

Sultan Ahmed Mosque or better known as the famous Blue Mosque, was built in 1616, on the ground of the Byzantine Imperial Grand Palace. The architect was Sedefkar Mehmed Aga, apprentice of Mimar Sinan. The interior features blue Izmik tiles and beautiful tulip design, flowers, fruits and trees - under the influence of Renaissance and Venetian art.

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